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3rd International Congress on Obesity and Nutritional Health, will be organized around the theme “Advanced Concepts in Treatment and Prevention of Obesity”
OBESITY SUMMIT-2023 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in OBESITY SUMMIT-2023
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Obesity, also called corpulence or fatness, excessive accumulation of body fat, more often than not caused by the consumption of more calories than the body can use. The excess calories are then stored as fat, or can be called as adipose tissue. Obesity is influenced by a combination of factors, which more often than not results in consuming more calories than the body needs .Overweight, if moderate, is not necessarily obesity, especially in muscular or large-boned individuals. These factors may include physical inactivity, diet, genes, lifestyle, ethnic and socioeconomic background, exposure to certain chemicals, certain conditions, and use of certain drugs. Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to an extent that it may have a negative impact on health.
Managing your weight is a big thing of your health. Weight control is a term used to discuss managing and maintaining a healthy body weight. Having a healthy body weight can mean different things for different Individuals. The traditional way to calculate this weight is the body mass index (BMI). Your BMI uses your height and weight to figure out your ideal weight range. This number can vary, but typically, you are considered obese if your BMI is over 30.
Your waist line can also be a sign of obesity. For a woman, a healthy waist measurement should fall below 35 inches. For a man, it should be less than 40 inches. This measurement is called your waist circumference. When you are overweight or obese, you’re at risk for medical conditions like heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure (hypertension) and diabetes. Weight loss can often be achieved through a healthy diet and exercise. In some cases, weight loss surgeries are used, but these also involved changing your lifestyle to keep the weight off.
The perfect anti-obesity drug would produce maintained weight loss with minimal side effects. The components that regulate energy balance have substantial built-in excess, overlap considerably with other physiological functions, and are affected by social, hedonic and psychological components that limit the effectiveness of pharmacological interventions. It is hence unsurprising that anti-obesity drug discovery programs have been littered with false begins, disappointments in clinical improvement, and withdrawals due to unfavorable effects that were not completely acknowledged at the time of launch.
Childhood obesity may be a condition where excess body fat negatively affects a child's health or well-being. As methods to determine body fat directly are difficult, the diagnosis of obesity is usually based on BMI. Due to the rising prevalence of obesity in children and its many adverse health effects it's being recognized as a serious public health concern. The term overweight rather than obese is usually used when discussing childhood obesity, especially in open discussion, because it is less stigmatizing. The prevalence of childhood obesity is known to differ by sex and gender. Body mass index (BMI) is acceptable for determining obesity for children with two years of age and older. BMI is determined by the ratio of weight and height.
Bariatric surgery is also known as Weight loss and metabolic surgery. These terms are used in order to reflect the impact of these operations on patients’ weight and the health of their metabolism (breakdown of food into energy). In addition to their ability to treat obesity, these operations are very effective in treating diabetes, high blood pressure, sleep apnea and high cholesterol, among many other diseases. These operations also have an ability to prevent future health problems. The benefits allow patients with obesity who choose to undergo treatment to enjoy a better quality of life and a longer and healthy lifespan.
Common and traditional treatments for overweight and obesity and for losing weight through healthy eating, diet plan, being more physically active, and making other changes to your usual habits, which makes you healthy.
· Healthy eating plan and regular physical activity
· Changing your habits
· Weight-management programs
· Weight-loss medicines
· Weight-loss devices
· Bariatric surgery
· Special diets
Obesity among pregnant women is becoming one among the most important women's health issues. Worldwide, obstetricians and midwives are confronted with an escalation of obesity among pregnant women. It is evident that obese pregnant women are at increased risk of maternal death and having complications during pregnancy and labor. Obesity increases the risk of the subsequent problems during pregnancy: Birth defects—Babies born to women who are obese have an increased risk of getting birth defects, like heart defects and neural tube defects.
central obesity, also called as Abdominal obesity and truncal obesity, which may be a condition when excessive abdominal fat around the stomach and abdomen has built up to the great extent that it is likely to have a negative impact on health. Central obesity has been strongly linked to cardiovascular disease, Alzheimer's disease, and other metabolic and vascular diseases. Central obesity which leads to Heart disease, Diabetes, Asthma and Other health risks.
Morbid obesity could be a condition in which you have a body mass index which is higher than 35. BMI is used to estimate body fat and can help determine if you are at a healthy body weight for your estimate. BMI is not a perfect estimation but it does help give a common idea of ideal weight ranges for height. Once you eat, your body uses the calories you consume to run your body. Even at rest, the body needs calories to pump your heart or digest food. If those calories are not utilized, the body stores them as fat. Your body will build up fat stores if you continue to eat more calories than your body can use during daily activities and exercise. Obesity and morbid obesity are the result of too much fat being stored in your body.
Obesity results from interactions between environmental and genetic components. In spite of a relatively high heritability of common, non-syndromic obesity (40–70%), the search for genetic variations contributing to susceptibility has been a challenging task. Genome wide association (GWA) studies have significantly changed the pace of detection of common genetic susceptibility variations. To date, more than 40 genetic variations have been associated with obesity and fat distribution. In any case, since these variations do not fully explain the heritability of obesity, other forms of variation, such as epigenetics marks, must be considered. Epigenetic marks, or “imprinting”, influence gene expression without actually changing the DNA sequence. Disappointments in imprinting are known to cause extreme shapes of obesity, but have moreover been convincingly related with susceptibility to obesity. Moreover, environmental exposures during critical developmental periods can influence the profile of epigenetic marks and result in obesity.
Nutritional epidemiology studies dietary and nutritional factors in reference to disease occurrence at a population level. Nutritional epidemiology which is a new field of medical research that shows and studies the relationship between nutrition and health. It is a young discipline in epidemiology that is continuing to grow in relevance to present-day health concerns. Diet and physical activity are difficult to measure accurately, which can partly explain why nutrition has received less attention than other risk factors for disease in epidemiology.
Nutritional epidemiology uses knowledge from nutritional science to assist in the understanding of human nutrition and therefore the explanation of basic underlying mechanisms. Nutritional science information is additionally utilized in the development of nutritional epidemiological studies and interventions including clinical, case-control and cohort studies. Nutritional epidemiological methods are developed to study the relationship between diet and disease.
Exercise may be a physical activity that enhances or maintains fitness and overall health and wellness. It is performed for various reasons, to assist growth and improve strength, prevent aging, develop muscles and therefore the cardiovascular system, hone athletic skills, weight loss or maintenance, improve health or simply for enjoyment. Many individuals prefer to exercise outdoors where they will congregate in groups, socialize, and enhance well-being.
The term "yoga" in the Western world often denotes a contemporary sort of yoga and a posture-based fitness , stress-relief and relaxation technique, consisting largely of the asana, in contrast with traditional yoga, which focuses on meditation and release from worldly attachments. It was introduced by gurus from India, following the success of Vivekananda’s adaptation of yoga without asana in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, who introduced the Yoga Sutras to the west. The Yoga Sutras gained prominence in the 20th century following the success of yoga.
Education to Optimize Your Care of youngsters , Adult, Adolescent, and Pediatric Patients with Obesity. Effective treatment of patients who have obesity which is an increasingly important part within the modern practice . This course delivers practical strategies to optimize the management of obesity and its complications, and provides the foremost up-to-date approaches to obesity prevention and treatment. The Blackburn Course in Obesity Medicine: Treating Obesity 2021. This course covers critical and different topics in the prevention and treatment of obesity and related disorders presented by authorities from the country's leading obesity treatment centers.
Diabetes and high cholesterol often occur together. Many Researchers states that diabetes often lowers HDL (good) cholesterol levels and raises triglycerides and LDL (bad) cholesterol levels. Both of these increase the risk for heart diseases and heart stroke. If you’ve been diagnosed with diabetes, you should know that controlling your blood sugar levels are very important. The more you will keep these levels down, the lower your risk of developing disorder and other health problems.
Non-surgical treatment majorly involves nutritional counseling with or without usage of supplements to reinforce the weight loss program. Management by nutrition and supplements being the pillars of weight loss and is very individualistic.